Human Gene Module / Chromosome 5 / EXOC3

EXOC3exocyst complex component 3

Score
3
Suggestive Evidence Criteria 3.1
Autism Reports / Total Reports
1 / 1
Rare Variants / Common Variants
1 / 0
Aliases
EXOC3, SEC6,  SEC6L1,  Sec6p
Associated Syndromes
-
Genetic Category
Rare Single Gene Mutation
Chromosome Band
5p15.33
Associated Disorders
-
Relevance to Autism

This gene was originally identified as an ASD candidate gene based on its enrichment in an autism-associated protein interaction module; sequencing of post-mortem brain tissue from 25 ASD cases resulted in the identification of significant non-synonymous variants in this gene with an expected false-positive rate at 0.1, confirming the involvement of this module with autism (Li et al., 2014).

Molecular Function

The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the exocyst complex, a multiple protein complex essential for targeting exocytic vesicles to specific docking sites on the plasma membrane.

Reports related to EXOC3 (1 Reports)
# Type Title Author, Year Autism Report Associated Disorders
1 Primary Integrated systems analysis reveals a molecular network underlying autism spectrum disorders. Li J , et al. (2015) Yes -
Rare Variants   (1)
Status Allele Change Residue Change Variant Type Inheritance Pattern Parental Transmission Family Type PubMed ID Author, Year
- - nonsynonymous_variant Unknown - Unknown 25549968 Li J , et al. (2015)
Common Variants  

No common variants reported.

SFARI Gene score
3

Suggestive Evidence

This gene was originally identified as an ASD candidate gene based on its enrichment in an autism-associated protein interaction module; sequencing of post-mortem brain tissue from 25 ASD cases resulted in the identification of significant non-synonymous variants in this gene with an expected false-positive rate at 0.1, confirming the involvement of this module with autism (Li et al., 2014). Both of the non-synonymous variants in EXOC3 identified in this study were absent in 1000 Genomes (as of Jan/ Feb. 2013) and dbSNP and had GERP++ conservation scores > 4.9.

Score Delta: Score remained at 4

3

Suggestive Evidence

See all Category 3 Genes

The literature is replete with relatively small studies of candidate genes, using either common or rare variant approaches, which do not reach the criteria set out for categories 1 and 2. Genes that had two such lines of supporting evidence were placed in category 3, and those with one line of evidence were placed in category 4. Some additional lines of "accessory evidence" (indicated as "acc" in the score cards) could also boost a gene from category 4 to 3.

10/1/2019
4
icon
3

Decreased from 4 to 3

New Scoring Scheme
Description

This gene was originally identified as an ASD candidate gene based on its enrichment in an autism-associated protein interaction module; sequencing of post-mortem brain tissue from 25 ASD cases resulted in the identification of significant non-synonymous variants in this gene with an expected false-positive rate at 0.1, confirming the involvement of this module with autism (Li et al., 2014). Both of the non-synonymous variants in EXOC3 identified in this study were absent in 1000 Genomes (as of Jan/ Feb. 2013) and dbSNP and had GERP++ conservation scores > 4.9.

Reports Added
[New Scoring Scheme]
7/1/2018
icon
4

Increased from to 4

Description

This gene was originally identified as an ASD candidate gene based on its enrichment in an autism-associated protein interaction module; sequencing of post-mortem brain tissue from 25 ASD cases resulted in the identification of significant non-synonymous variants in this gene with an expected false-positive rate at 0.1, confirming the involvement of this module with autism (Li et al., 2014). Both of the non-synonymous variants in EXOC3 identified in this study were absent in 1000 Genomes (as of Jan/ Feb. 2013) and dbSNP and had GERP++ conservation scores > 4.9.

Krishnan Probability Score

Score 0.41424217453704

Ranking 21683/25841 scored genes


[Show Scoring Methodology]
Krishnan and colleagues generated probability scores genome-wide by using a machine learning approach on a human brain-specific gene network. The method was first presented in Nat Neurosci 19, 1454-1462 (2016), and scores for more than 25,000 RefSeq genes can be accessed in column G of supplementary table 3 (see: http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v19/n11/extref/nn.4353-S5.xlsx). A searchable browser, with the ability to view networks of associated ASD risk genes, can be found at asd.princeton.edu.
ExAC Score

Score 0.75523003836991

Ranking 4181/18225 scored genes


[Show Scoring Methodology]
The Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) is a summary database of 60,706 exomes that has been widely used to estimate 'constraint' on mutation for individual genes. It was introduced by Lek et al. Nature 536, 285-291 (2016), and the ExAC browser can be found at exac.broadinstitute.org. The pLI score was developed as measure of intolerance to loss-of- function mutation. A pLI > 0.9 is generally viewed as highly constrained, and thus any loss-of- function mutations in autism in such a gene would be more likely to confer risk. For a full list of pLI scores see: ftp://ftp.broadinstitute.org/pub/ExAC_release/release0.3.1/functional_gene_constraint/fordist_cle aned_exac_nonTCGA_z_pli_rec_null_data.txt
Sanders TADA Score

Score 0.94034899301545

Ranking 14535/18665 scored genes


[Show Scoring Methodology]
The TADA score ('Transmission and De novo Association') was introduced by He et al. PLoS Genet 9(8):e1003671 (2013), and is a statistic that integrates evidence from both de novo and transmitted mutations. It forms the basis for the claim of 65 individual genes being strongly associated with autism risk at a false discovery rate of 0.1 (Sanders et al. Neuron 87, 1215-1233 (2015)). The calculated TADA score for 18,665 RefSeq genes can be found in column P of Supplementary Table 6 in the Sanders et al. paper (the column headed 'tadaFdrAscSscExomeSscAgpSmallDel'), which represents a combined analysis of exome data and small de novo deletions (see www.cell.com/cms/attachment/2038545319/2052606711/mmc7.xlsx).
Zhang D Score

Score 0.49270189741994

Ranking 576/20870 scored genes


[Show Scoring Methodology]
The DAMAGES score (disease-associated mutation analysis using gene expression signatures), or D score, was developed to combine evidence from de novo loss-of- function mutation with evidence from cell-type- specific gene expression in the mouse brain (specifically translational profiles of 24 specific mouse CNS cell types isolated from 6 different brain regions). Genes with positive D scores are more likely to be associated with autism risk, with higher-confidence genes having higher D scores. This statistic was first presented by Zhang & Shen (Hum Mutat 38, 204- 215 (2017), and D scores for more than 20,000 RefSeq genes can be found in column M in supplementary table 2 from that paper.
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SFARI Gene Update

We are pleased to announce some changes to the ongoing curation of the data in SFARI Gene. In the context of a continued effort to develop the human gene module and its manually curated list of autism risk genes, we are modifying other aspects of the site to focus on the information that is of greatest interest to the research community. The version of SFARI Gene that has been developed until now will be frozen and will remain available as “SFARI Gene Archive”. Please see the announcement for more details.
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